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Scientific Name: Satanoperca daemon
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Pronunciation: s
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Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Geo. Origin: Colombia & Venezuela
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Habitat: Calm Pools and Backwaters
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Diet: Omnivore
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Gender Differences: Monomorphic
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Breeding: Substrate Spawner
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Temperament: Peaceful
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Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
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Maximum Size: 12"
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Temperature: 83°F
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pH: 4.5
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Water Hardness: Very Soft
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Difficulty: 5


Images:

Fin Underwater Organism Fish Marine biology

Adult

Fish Scaled reptile Reptile Marine biology Terrestrial animal

Adult

Fin Fish Tail Marine biology Electric blue

Sub-adult

Reptile Organism Scaled reptile Snake Terrestrial animal

Pair

Organism Fish Underwater Fin Marine biology

Sub-adult

Fin Organism Underwater Fish Marine biology

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Head Eye Fish Underwater Marine biology

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Fin Organism Fish Underwater Marine biology

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Eye Fin Underwater Fish Marine biology

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Fin Fish Marine biology Ray-finned fish Underwater

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Fin Fish Underwater Marine biology Aquarium

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Underwater Fish Marine biology Water Scaled reptile

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Photo Credit: Lee Newman


Articles:
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Comments:
Satanoperca daemon is relatively common in the trade, but often does poorly in aquaria. It is a blackwater fish and therefore requires somewhat extreme water chemistry parameters (outlined above). In addition, it is very sensitive to degraded water quality, so the difficultly is in providing enough good quality water of the appropriate chemistry. This species is very sensitive to HLLE (Head and Lateral Line Erosion) and can be affected by "Neotropical Bloat" as well - a condition not easily treated.

The diet of S. daemon should follow that of the other species of spotted demonfish, small, easily chewed food items fed several times a day. Frozen brineshrimp, frozen bloodworms are good staples to use. Flakes and soaked pellets can also be included in the diet. Success has been achieved with using a green pea/krill based gelatin food.

Satanoperca daemon is a "modified" substrate spawner in that it covers over the eggs with woody debris. Newly hatched larvae are left uncovered. Unfortunately, it has rarely been bred in the aquarium and successful raising of the fry is even rarer than that.

This is not a fish for the new hobbyist.
 
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