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Scientific Name: Parananochromis caudifasciatus
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Pronunciation: p
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Geo. Origin: Nyong and Dja River Systems, Southern Cameroon and Rio Muni, & Northern Gabon
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Habitat: Shallow Forest Streams
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Diet: Omnivore
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Gender Differences: Dimorphic
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Breeding: Cave Spawner
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Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
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Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
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Maximum Size: 4.0""
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Temperature: 70-75°F
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pH: 6.0-7.0
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Water Hardness: Very Soft
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Difficulty: 3
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Organism Fish Terrestrial plant Underwater Fin
Water Organism Terrestrial plant Fin Underwater
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Photo Credit: Dr. Anton Lamboj
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Images:
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Male with fry
Female
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Articles:
Comments:
Parananochromis caudifasciatus is a species that is available the U.S. hobby and can be obtained, fairly regularly, through sources that specialize in western African fishes.
In mature fish, sexual dimorphism and dichromatism (coloration) are fairly well developed. Both sexes exhibit a metallic pink to rosy-colored band on the dorsal fin that is more intense in females, especially when breeding. Both sexes also exhibit a pattern of spots on the caudal fin and soft rays of the dorsal and anal fins that are arranged in rows and are more prominent in males. Parananochromis are monogamous, bi-parental cave-spawning riverine species that, for the most part, are found in backwater streams and creeks in forestal biotopes. P. longirostris, however, is also found in some main rivers situated in southern Cameroon and Gabon.
In the wild, their water is generally soft, acidic to slightly alkaline (pH 6.1-7.4) and the conductivity is low (10-24 μS/cm at 22° C), depending on the biotope. Water temperatues are fairly cool, from 21-24° C (70-75° F). Dr. Lamboj advises, however, that P. caudifasciatus is best kept in cooler water (71-72° F or 22° C) to achieve an even sex ratio when breeding. Accordingly, P. caudifasciatus should be housed in well-planted moderate to larger-sized aquaria, in soft, acidic water at moderate to fairly cool temperatures. Formal caves or cave-like structures need not be furnished. Parananochromis species are only marginally cave spawners that tend to spawn under objects in concealed areas. Due to their susceptibility to bacterial infection, water quality is quite important. Partial water changes should be performed weekly.
Parananochromis species seem to benefit from a diet similar to that which they encounter in the wild: algae, small shrimps, shrimp eggs, and insect larvae. Rich "meaty" foods should be fed sparingly. â€"Randall Kohn
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