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Labidochromis sp. "Hongi"
by Michael Courtney (aka MC1979)

The Fish

Water Fin Underwater Fish Window

in Latin means Labido = pincer + chromis = colored. At this point in time this species is not yet described; therefore it is given the name of its location Hongi, which is taken from its name sake Hongi Island. Synonymous names include Red Top Kimpuma, Hongi Red Top, and Hongi Super Red Top.

In The Wild

Fin Marine biology Fish Water Tail

Labidochromis sp. "Hongi" naturally occurs on the east coast of Lake Malawi in the Tanzanian zone. The population has been sited as far North as Liuli and as far South as Undu Reef. The populations found at Hongi and Lundo Islands being the most attractive. Males are observed to be territorial. The feeding habits of this fish suggest it is a herbivore.


Nature Organism Fin Fish Adaptation

The coloration of this fish differs depending on its mood. Dorsal fins also range in colour from yellow to orange. The colors of the dominant male can be quite exquisite, including orange blaze and creamy lilac coloring. Dark vertical barring extends along the sides of the fish from the base of the dorsal fin to the above the upper lip and can completely disappear depending on mood. The dominant males develop egg spots on anal fin and partial egg spots on the dorsal fin. Subdominant males will normally display a drab brownish purple coloration with some orange or yellow highlights. Females will normally show a submissive brownish purple colour, although they too can color shift to a marvellous pale lilac, showing off their darkened bars. Ventral fins in males are predominantly yellow with a dark stripe running from the body to the tip, females have black fins bordered on the front edge in white. Juveniles generally show similar colors to the subdominant males and females.

In The Aquarium

Tank Setup

These fish can be found in a rocky habitat; therefore the aquarium should be setup accordingly. They like to dig on the sides of rocks and it is not uncommon for these fish to control an entire rocky outcrop in a tank.


Organism Fin Fish Underwater Adaptation

These fish are very easy to breed with the male enticing the female into a spawning crevice or cave, where they repeatedly circle each other until all the eggs are fertilised. Adult males are larger then females by approximately an inch. They are a maternal mouth brooding species. Due to their aggression it is recommend that they are kept in a trio (ratio 1 male to 2 females). The more females per male kept, the more any aggression will be spread. Holding females can be territorial when left in the aquarium, and will nip at any inquisitive fish that makes them feel threatened. Females brood between 18-28 days on average. The minimum recommended tank length for this undescribed species is 4 feet due in part to the males aggressive and territorial nature. In fact a 6 foot tank would be preferable.


Organism Fin Fish Adaptation Tail

Males are aggressive both towards both males and females. They will persistently chase and nip at scales and fins of conspecifics. Dominant males are always displaying and maintain their brilliant colouring all year round. There is often a hierarchy amongst females and it is not uncommon to see them lip locking with each other in a display of strength. This species will nip at much larger fish, sometimes showing far too much bravado. Suitable tank mates would include other moderately aggressive species.

Water Fish Fin Marine biology Adaptation
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