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Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Scientific Name: Hemichromis sp. "Bangui"
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Pronunciation: h
Font Tints and shades Pattern Symmetry Electric blue
m-
Font Tints and shades Pattern Electric blue Symmetry
-kr
Tints and shades Font Electric blue Symmetry Pattern
-m
Purple Violet Electric blue Tints and shades Font
s
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Geo. Origin: See Comments
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Habitat: Riverine
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Diet: Omnivore
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Gender Differences: Dimorphic
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Maximum Size: ca. 3.5"
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Temperature: 75-80°F
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
pH: 6.0-7.6
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Water Hardness: Soft
Tints and shades Font Rectangle Pattern Monochrome photography
Difficulty: 2


Images:

Eye Fin Organism Fish Rectangle

Male

Botany Organism Terrestrial plant Plant Fish

Male

Terrestrial plant Natural landscape Grass Biome Fish

Female
Photo Credit: Uwe Werner


Articles:
N/A


Comments:
Very little is known about the origins of Hemichromis sp. "Bangui." Adam Zweig imported the first specimens to enter the U.S. from the Czech Republic in 2006. Despite this writer's attempts at gathering information concerning this form's original collection and collection locality, none of those scientists nor European hobbyists contacted seemed to know. If the informal designation of "Bangui" is correct, H. sp. "Bangui" may occur in the Bangui River system (Congo River drainage) in the southern Central African Republic and northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. No concrete, verifiable information concerning the distribution of this form is currently available, however. In the aquarium literature coloration descriptions vary (Lamboj, 2004; Linke & Staeck, 2002). The information furnished herein is based on two tank-raised adult pairs (presumably siblings) from the first U.S. importation.

At approximately 8 cm, Hemichromis sp. "Bangui" is one of the smaller forms of the genus. Its base coloration is essentially beige, with the region surrounding the dark opercular blotch and the middle of the body red. A sparse number of iridiophores (iridescent blue dots) are exhibited on the head, especially on the ventral part, and to a lesser extent, on the body. The centers of the body scales, more so on the dorsal parts, exhibit blue coloration, and the fins are pale yellow, with a pattern of iridiophores and iridescent blue striations. A red distal (outermost) margin preceded by an iridescent blue submargin is exibited on the dorsal fin and on the upper lobe of the caudal fin. A conspicuous dark, round midlateral blotch that is situated above the midlateral line is exhibited on the body, and a dark bar that is obscured in mature adults is exhibited on the caudal peduncle. When stressed a pattern of mood dependant, dark vertical bars is exhibited on the body. When breeding H. sp. "Bangui" exhibits a more uniformly red coloration, both dorsally and ventrally, and the pale yellow fins turn bright red. Sexually active females are bright cherry-red, while males tend to a somewhat darker red coloration.

Depending on the source, H. sp. "Bangui" has been likened to H. guttatus, H. letourneauxi, H. lifalili, and H. stellifer. Without concrete distribution information, however, it is not known whether this small, beautifully-colored form is a new species or if it corresponds to a population of a described one.
In aquaria water chemistry does not seem important, as long as extremes are avoided. The optimum temperature for husbandry and breeding appears to be 76° F.

Like the other Hemichromis species, most foods are readily accepted. To condition for breeding, live, frozen, and other protein-rich foods should be offered.

H. sp. "Bangui" is a bi-parental open substrate spawner that prefers to spawn on concealed horizontal or vertical flat surfaces. Based on this writer's experience, albeit limited, with two tank-raised pairs of European derivation, this form does not excavate the substrate nearly to the extent of congeners. At 76° F the eggs hatch in approximately 48 hours, and the parents deposit the larvae into a pre-dug depression in the substrate. Five days later, the numerous, tiny fry are free-swimming and should be fed appropriately-sized foods several times daily. â€"Randall Kohn
 
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