Haplochromis lividus

Haplochromis lividus. Photo by Greg Steeves​

Another beautifully colored and out of the ordinary fish from Lake Victoria. The Haplochromis lividus pictured above is from Murchison Bay in the northern part of the lake. Its current status there and throughout the lake is currently unknown and possibly extinct in the wild. Although originally threatened from the introduction of the Nile Perch, H. lividus' current threat is that it will spawn itself to extinction. The reason being is the decreased water clarity of Lake Victoria. As it becomes cloudier due to pollution and agricultural runoff, many species are becoming confused and hybridizing with other species.

The best chance for the survival of Haplochromis lividus now rests in the hands hobbyists. They do well in captivity and like other Lake Victoria species are prolific spawners. Males reach a size of about 4 inches and females are smaller. In the wild, they would spend most of the day grazing on algae so a diet high in plant matter is recommended. This species, like many others from Lake Victoria, is part of the C.A.R.E.S. Preservation Program. To discuss Haplochromis lividus visit the Lake Victoria Basin, West African, Madagascar & Asian Species forum.