Geo. Origin: Very wide distribution and is found on both the western and eastern shores of the lake.
Habitat: Intermediate Zone
Gender Differences: Dimorphic
Breeding: Maternal Mouthbrooder
Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Maximum Size: 6.5"
Temperature: 78 - 82°F
pH: 7.8 - 8.6
Water Hardness: Hard
Males in the north have a bright orange patch on the shoulder, which is absent in southern populations. Females are readily recognized by the yellow spots on the anal fin and yellow ventral fins.
The northern populations take up residence in the intermediate zone while those in the south forage for food mainly along sandy and muddy bottoms near river mouths. It resides at a depth greater than 45 feet.
Males in the north (sand-muddy bottoms) dig craters in the sand, which serves as a spawning site. In the south (in the intermediate zone), males defend rocky caves or dig a pit against a rock.
Pronunciation: Refer to our Pronunciation Key for an explanation of the phonetic symbols.
Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.
Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized feeders are flexible and can be opportunistic feeders.
Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tankmates that are of a different species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to various factors, including aquarium size, tankmates of similar appearance, stocking levels, and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
Conspecific Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tank- mates of the same species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to such factors as aquarium size, stocking levels and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
Maximum Size: This is in regards to total length (including the tail) of typical aquarium specimens. Wild specimens may not attain this size, or may in fact grow larger than aquarium raised individuals due to various factors. Also consider that this is the typical maximum size and there are exceptional individuals that will exceed it.
This measure is a relative value, comparing a single species against all
This only accounts for maintanence in the aquarium and not breeding
1 = easy and forgiving, 5 = extremely challenging.