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 Profiles South America Eartheaters Satanoperca daemon
Satanoperca daemon
Scientific Name: Satanoperca daemon
Pronunciation: s-tn--pr-k d-mn
Geo. Origin: Colombia & Venezuela
Habitat: Calm Pools and Backwaters
Diet: Omnivore
Gender Differences: Monomorphic
Breeding: Substrate Spawner
Temperament: Peaceful
Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Maximum Size: 12"
Temperature: 83°F
pH: 4.5
Water Hardness: Very Soft
Difficulty: 5
Photo Credit: Lee Newman
Satanoperca daemon is relatively common in the trade, but often does poorly in aquaria. It is a blackwater fish and therefore requires somewhat extreme water chemistry parameters (outlined above). In addition, it is very sensitive to degraded water quality, so the difficultly is in providing enough good quality water of the appropriate chemistry. This species is very sensitive to HLLE (Head and Lateral Line Erosion) and can be affected by "Neotropical Bloat" as well - a condition not easily treated. The diet of S. daemon should follow that of the other species of spotted demonfish, small, easily chewed food items fed several times a day. Frozen brineshrimp, frozen bloodworms are good staples to use. Flakes and soaked pellets can also be included in the diet. Success has been achieved with using a green pea/krill based gelatin food. Satanoperca daemon is a "modified" substrate spawner in that it covers over the eggs with woody debris. Newly hatched larvae are left uncovered. Unfortunately, it has rarely been bred in the aquarium and successful raising of the fry is even rarer than that. This is not a fish for the new hobbyist.
 Profiles South America Eartheaters Satanoperca daemon
 Key To Species Profile Terms
 Pronunciation: Refer to our Pronunciation Key for an explanation of the phonetic symbols.
 Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. This does not
  mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.
 Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized
  feeders are flexible and can be opportunistic feeders.
 Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tankmates that
  are of a different species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to various factors,
  including aquarium size, tankmates of similar appearance, stocking levels, and order of introduction.
  There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
 Conspecific Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tank-
  mates of the same species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to such factors as
  aquarium size, stocking levels and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among
  individual specimens.
 Maximum Size: This is in regards to total length (including the tail) of typical aquarium specimens.
  Wild specimens may not attain this size, or may in fact grow larger than aquarium raised individuals
  due to various factors. Also consider that this is the typical maximum size and there are exceptional
  individuals that will exceed it.
 Difficulty: This measure is a relative value, comparing a single species against all other cichlids.
  This only accounts for maintanence in the aquarium and not breeding considerations.
  1 = easy and forgiving, 5 = extremely challenging.
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