Pundamilia macrocephala was described by Seehausen & Bouton in 1998. This Victorian cichlid was previously known as Haplochromis sp. "deep water". It inhabits the moderately steep to steeply sloping shores of the central and northern Mwanza Gulf with a scattered distribution within the Speke Gulf as well. Itâ€™s diet consists mainly of soft water sponges although it consumes some algae or insect adults and insect larvae as well. The territorial males live from 2 to 10 meters deep. Its scattered distribution is linked with the presence or absence of another pundamilia species. Where Pundamilia pundamilia is abundant, Pundamilia macrocephala also lives but in deeper water so as not to compete with it . In areas where P. pundamilia is absent, P. macrocephala will occupy the shallower waters. It's one of the most cryptic species that rarely leaves its territory. It reaches a maximum size of only 10 cm but can be very aggressive. It can be housed with P. nyererei as they differ considerably but not with P. pundamilia nor P. sp. "Hippo Point blue bar". This is a black fish with red fins, its spectacular feature is the length of its pelvic fins that reach the middle of its anal fin. It looks like a butterfly with those extremely long pelvic fins.
Pronunciation: Refer to our Pronunciation Key for an explanation of the phonetic symbols.
Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.
Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized feeders are flexible and can be opportunistic feeders.
Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tankmates that are of a different species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to various factors, including aquarium size, tankmates of similar appearance, stocking levels, and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
Conspecific Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tank- mates of the same species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to such factors as aquarium size, stocking levels and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
Maximum Size: This is in regards to total length (including the tail) of typical aquarium specimens. Wild specimens may not attain this size, or may in fact grow larger than aquarium raised individuals due to various factors. Also consider that this is the typical maximum size and there are exceptional individuals that will exceed it.
This measure is a relative value, comparing a single species against all
This only accounts for maintanence in the aquarium and not breeding
1 = easy and forgiving, 5 = extremely challenging.