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 Profiles Malawi Haplochromines Copadichromis quadrimaculatus (Tsano)
Copadichromis quadrimaculatus (Tsano)
     
Scientific Name: Copadichromis quadrimaculatus (Tsano)
Pronunciation: k-p-d-kr-ms
Geo. Origin: Lake-wide distribution
Habitat: Open water and shallow, rocky habitat
Diet: Carnivore
Gender Differences: Dimorphic
Breeding: Maternal Mouthbrooder
Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Conspecific Temperament: Mildly Aggressive
Maximum Size: 11"
Temperature: 78 - 82°F
pH: 7.8 - 8.6
Water Hardness: Hard
Difficulty: 2
Photo Credit: Ad Konings
Images:
Comments:
Juveniles spend the first 2 years of their lives in shallow waters and then migrate several kilometers offshore to join the shoals of adults. At 3 years of age, adults migrate inshore to spawn from May until August. Breeding males defend territories on rocks at great depths (20-50 meters). Spawning often takes place on an almost vertical surface. Females only spawn once each season. Brooding females school together and migrate closer inshore where they will eventually release their fry among the rocks in very shallow water.
 Profiles Malawi Haplochromines Copadichromis quadrimaculatus (Tsano)
 Key To Species Profile Terms
 Pronunciation: Refer to our Pronunciation Key for an explanation of the phonetic symbols.
 Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. This does not
  mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.
 Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized
  feeders are flexible and can be opportunistic feeders.
 Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tankmates that
  are of a different species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to various factors,
  including aquarium size, tankmates of similar appearance, stocking levels, and order of introduction.
  There may even be some variability among individual specimens.
 Conspecific Temperament: This describes the overall demeanor of a cichlid toward other tank-
  mates of the same species. Consider that there is variability in temperament due to such factors as
  aquarium size, stocking levels and order of introduction. There may even be some variability among
  individual specimens.
 Maximum Size: This is in regards to total length (including the tail) of typical aquarium specimens.
  Wild specimens may not attain this size, or may in fact grow larger than aquarium raised individuals
  due to various factors. Also consider that this is the typical maximum size and there are exceptional
  individuals that will exceed it.
 Difficulty: This measure is a relative value, comparing a single species against all other cichlids.
  This only accounts for maintanence in the aquarium and not breeding considerations.
  1 = easy and forgiving, 5 = extremely challenging.
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