Lepidiolamprologus kamambae has only been found around Kamamba and Kerenge islands in the southern part of Lake Tanganyika. L. kamambae is a predator which judging from pictures and descriptions, appears to reach a good size. For more information and pictures, you can download a paper in pdf format from Zootaxa.
Update: The mysterious softball-sized eyeball has been identified as belonging to a swordfish. For more information on the identification of the eyeball visit the Cosmic Log at NBCnews.com.
The mystery of the giant eyeball that washed ashore on a Florida beach continues. It is unknown what type of animal the eyeball belongs to, but testing is being done. For more information on this story visit the Cosmic Log at NBCnews.com.
Researchers have found the the fish equivalent of oxytocin, a hormone associated with human love, drives social behavior in fish. Neolamprologus pulcher were used to study why some fish develop social behaviors while others live their lives in solitude. Doses of isotocin, the fish version of oxytocin, where given to N. pulcher with some interesting results. For more information about the study, visit Science 2.0 and Discover Magazine.
With the discovery of potential oil and natural gas reserves, the stakes for who owns Lake Malawi have risen. At odds are Malawi and Tanzania and talks between the two countries have gone nowhere. There have even been allegations of military deployments. If not done carefully, oil drilling poses an environmental threat to the lake. However, a border dispute can quickly escalate out of control and have tragic results for the region. Lake Malawi is the sole source of food, drinking water, irrigation and hydroelectricity for many communities around the lake.
Global trends in lake surface temperatures. NASA/JPL-Caltech
There have been several news reports of increased ocean water temperatures and the possible effect on marine life. Now there is some research that lake temperatures are also on the rise. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has found that over the last 25 years, the world’s largest lakes have been warming by as much as 4°F. Warming lakes are already experiencing water quality problems and increases in toxic algae blooms. One of the lakes being studied is Lake Tanganyika. For more information on this story, visit the National Geographic article.
Serenading Cichlids: Importance of sound in matchmaking
A study of Astatotilapia burtoni mating has turned up some interesting findings related to sound and its role in matchmaking. Apparently color and dominance aren’t the only factors in choosing a mate. Take a look at the article in Natural History Magazine for more information on the study.