This fish was previously known as Haplochromis "black and orange" nyererei. It was described as Pundamilia igneopinnis by Seehausen & Lippitsch in 1998. This is a black bodied fish with bright orange fins living between the crevices and big rock boulders at the moderately steep to steep shores of the western Speke Gulf. It lives between 2 and 4 meters deep, sympatrically with P. nyererei, P. Pundamilia, P. sp. "red rim anal", P. sp. "bwiru", P. sp. "pink anal". Some fish that resemble P. igneopinis have been caught in the rocky areas of the Victorian Nile not far from Jinja, Uganda. The male eat mostly insects larvae and some filamentous algae as well. Young subadults and females forage for zoopancton (cyclops, daphnia, copepods) and insect larvae in large schools. This species has color and body shape similar to Lithochromis xanthopteryx and may look identical to the inexperienced eye. Housing these two species together is not recommended due to the risk of hybridization. The igneopinnis we keep in the hobby originated from Igombe Island and it differs from the igneopinnis found at Ndurwa Island in its body coloration (being mostly brown instead of dark blue) when in a subdominate mood.