Mchenga conophoros is another of the bower-building species of Lake Malawi. Males create bowers in order to attract females. Each species builds the same type of bowers, but the variation between species is considerable. In the case of M. conophorus, bowers are build in the shape of a cone on the sandy bottom at a depth of around 10 to 20 feet. M. conophorus feeds primarily on zooplankton found in open water.
In the aquarium Mchenga conophoros can be difficult to keep. When mature they require plenty of room, especially if you expect to see bower-building. Males can also be very intolerant of other males. Groups of a single males and multiple females are best. A protein based diet is best. To discuss M. conophorus and other bower-building cichlids visit the Lake Malawi Species forum.
Although generally thought of as a Lake Victoria species, Astatoreochromis alluaudi is found in many lakes, rivers and streams in the region. A. alluaudi, commonly known as Allauad’s Haplo, was first collected and named over a hundred years ago. It was somewhat common in the hobby a while back, but mostly disappear from the trade. Its current status is in wild is unknown but not believed to be under serious threat thanks to its wide distribution.
In the aquarium Astatoreochromis alluaudi is an interesting fish. Males are more colorful and larger than females. In pictures its size can be deceiving as they can reach over 7 inches in length. Despite aggression between males, A. alluaudi is mild-mannered toward other species. Its intense yellow coloration and size can be an excellent addition to a suitable aquarium. They will accept most foods and will rid tanks of unwanted snails. To discuss A. alluaudi visit the Lake Victoria Basin forum.
The American Cichlid Convention 2016 is less than a month away as we profile Wayne Leibel, this year’s banquet speaker. Wayne is known for his work with New World cichlids. A professor of biology at Lafayette College, Wayne has several studies and publications on cichlids. He has also been a prolific writer for Aquarium Fish Magazine, Tropical Fish Hobbyist and is the editor of Cichlid News.
As this years banquet speaker, Wayne Leibel will undoubtedly give an interesting and exciting talk titled Going Wild. To meet and hear Wayne and other great speakers make sure to attend this years American Cichlid Convention 2016 in Cincinnati, Ohio. We will be profiling the remaining speakers as the convention dates draw nearer.
Tropheops novemfasciatus is widespread throughout Lake Malawi. It prefers shallow waters in sheltered bays where it feeds mostly on algae. Like other mbuna, T. novemfasciatus males are territorial. Breeding takes place in typical mouth-brooder fashion. Males will attract females into dugout, shallow depressions where the females’ eggs are fertilized.
Although not often found in the aquarium trade, Tropheops novemfasciatus does occasionally appear on stock lists and auctions. Males sport the yellow coloration as seen above while females are usually a dull grey. Because of their aggressive personalities, they are best kept in ratios of one males to multiple females. Similar shaped fish and other Tropheops should not be housed together. The Tropheops genus has undergone some revisions in the last few years. As of now, this species still remains as a Tropheops. To discuss T. novemfasciatus visit the Lake Malawi Species forum.
Short underwater footage showing cichlids in a 5500 gallon backyard pool converted into pond.
Almost 10 years ago an article titled Raising Cichlids Outside by Greg Steeves was added to the library. At the time, a 400 gallon kiddie pool was turned into an outdoor cichlid pond. Since then the kiddie pool was upgraded to a 5500 gallon above ground pool.
As seen in the video, the pool is stocked with Pseudotropheus demasoni, Labidochromis caeruleus, Neochromis omnicaeruleus and Copadichromis borleyi to name a few of the species. If you are interested in finding out about the filtration and setup used in this project, check out the YouTube video on the setup. Make sure to leave Greg a comment!
The third speaker profiled for this year’s American Cichlid Convention is Vinny Kutty. If you are into Crenicichla, aka pike cichlids, then you probably recognize the name. Vinny has kept pike cichlids for decades and several of his articles can be found in the South American Pikes section of the library.
Pike cichlids are predators found throughout the Amazon River Basin and as far south as Argentina. While some dwarf species are only a few inches long, other species can reach two feet in length. The smaller varieties can be kept easily in 4-foot tanks, but the larger species will need 6-foot tanks. Pikes are generally hardy and do well in a variety of water conditions. Reproduction in the aquarium is another matter and can be difficult. To learn more about pike cichlids check out Vinny’s Introduction to Pick Cichlids article. Make sure to attend the ACA 2016 convention to see Vinny Kutty and the other great speakers. To discuss pike cichlids visit the South American Cichlids forum.
‘Lamprologus’ speciosus is another hard working Lake Tanganyika shell dweller. A pair will spend most of the day digging and cleaning around their shell which sits in a depression in the sand. Males, which are larger than females, will also spend time defending their territory from any intruders.
‘Lamprologus’ speciosus is commonly known as the black ocellatus. While it has the same shape and traits of other ocellatus like Lamprologus ocellatus “gold”, ‘L’. speciosus has a bland coloration. While displaying they can get rather dark, hence their name, most of the time they are plain with some highlights of color around the body and fins.
A single pair of ‘Lamprologus’ speciosus can be kept in a small tank, but if more ‘L’. speciosus or other species are to be kept with them, a larger tank is needed. Don’t be fooled by their size, ‘L’. speciosus can be aggressive and pack a punch. Females will lay eggs inside the shell and pinhead size fry will begin to emerge from the shell. Both parents will protect the young until they are old enough to go out on their own. To read more about Lake Tanganyika shell dwellers, check out the Shell Dweller Corner in the library. For discussion these and other shell dwellers visit the Lake Tanganyika Species forum.
The first day of summer is just around the corner. Why not visit an aquarium? For those in the Baltimore, MD area the National Aquarium offers many great exhibits. Along with an impressive marine fare, this aquarium also offers an Amazon River Forest exhibit featuring many local species including Discus, plecos and other cichlids.
Make this Father’s Day an enjoyable and education experience for the entire family. The National Aquarium in Baltimore has a collection of over 20,000 animals. Sharks, jellyfish, reptiles and mammals are included in the many attractions. One of the more popular exhibits is the Blacktip Reef shark tank. You can preview this exhibit live with their webcam. For more information visit the National Aquarium Baltimore website.
Continuing with this year’s American Cichlid Association 2016 Convention speakers we’re highlighting Rusty Wessel. Rusty is an author and photographer whose works have appeared on many fish related magazines and other publications. Several of his articles on Central American cichlids can be found in the New World Cichlids library.
Rusty Wessel keeps many species of cichlids from around the world in his large fish house. However, he is best known for his work and collection of Central American cichlids. Rusty even has a discovery named after him, Theraps wesseli. To hear Rusty and many other speakers share their experiences and knowledge make sure to attend this year’s ACA 2016 Convention. For more details on the convention visit the ACA 2016 Convention website.
Parananochromis longirostris. Photo by Dave Hansen
Parananochromis longirostris can be found in rivers and streams mainly throughout Southwestern Cameroon and Northern Gabon. This West African cichlid is not often seen by hobbyists, but it is occasionally available on stock lists. Not necessarily the best choice for beginners as they are prone to infections if water quality isn’t ideal. Although not aggressive males can reach 6+ inches.
Parananochromis longirostris form monogamous pairs and usually spawn in caves. Both male and female will look after the young until they are old enough to go out on their own. Clean, soft water is a must to encourage breeding. Temperatures should also be kept slightly cool. More details are somewhat limited on this species. If you are looking for something rare and unusual from West Africa, P. longirostris might be the ticket. To discuss this species visit the West African Species forum.