Apistogramma is a genus consisting of about 100 separate species found in the rivers and streams of South America. They are very colorful and can be housed in smaller tanks. For more information on Apistogramma, take a look at all the South American Dwarf articles in the Library.
A video playlist of Thorichthys maculipinnis beginning with courting and nest building all the way to free-swimming fry. The first part of the playlist can be seen below.
Thorichthys maculipinnis, commonly known as Elliot’s cichlid, can be found in the waters of southern Mexico. T. maculipinnis belongs to the same Genus as Thorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid) but it isn’t as common in the hobby. These fish aren’t very aggressive except when it comes to breeding and caring for their young. As you can see from watching the entire Playlist, the pair will not tolerate other fish when it comes to their young. The three videos were made by Adam Klimczak (Iggy Newcastle on the forum) and the complete playlists can be found HERE.
A study involving Amatitlania nigrofasciata, commonly known as the convict cichlid, has shown a flaw in past aggression studies. It seems that some fish aren’t so easily fooled by their own reflections. Mirrors have been used in studies to evaluate the aggressiveness of certain species. A. nigrofasciata’s seems to realize that its reflection is not a rival and it behaves accordingly. Because the convict cichlid does not display the same type of behavior toward its own reflection than it does a real rival, it might indicate that fish have a much higher cognitive ability than what scientist previously thought. If that is the case, it could jeopardize behavior studies involving mirrors.
To read more about the study, visit Nature World News. If you would like to learn more about Amatitlania nigrofasciata, read the Species Article by Brett Harrington.
A recent study by Gordon Burghardt at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville has found that fish, in particular Tropheus duboisi, like to play too. Playful behavior is often only associated with mammals, but play can also be seen in reptiles and invertebrates.
In a statement by Burghardt:
“Play is repeated behavior that is incompletely functional in the context or at the age in which it is performed and is initiated voluntarily when the animal or person is in a relaxed or low-stress setting,”
Out of the many cichlid species looked at, Tropheus duboisi seemed to enjoy play the most. As is all too common now, the study is behind a pay wall. Fortunately you can find a little information about it here and here. If you want to know more about T. duboisi, take a look at the Species Article.
The evolution on egg-spots on mouthbrooding cichlids has finally been explained. A recent scientific article details how the rapidly evolving Haplochromis cichlids developed their characteristic anal fin coloration. If you’ve kept Lake Victoria or Lake Malawi cichlids then you are familiar with the brightly-colored circles on the anal fin of most male fish. Those spots are part of the reproductive process of many mouthbrooding cichlids and are crucial in egg fertilization.
Yssichromis piceatus is a open-water schooling fish that at one time was found throughout Lake Victoria. Unfortunately, it was driven to extinction in the lake by the Nile Perch. Fortunately the species survives in the hobby, but is very rare. Despite being on the C.A.R.E.S. list and the Lake Victoria Species Survival Plan, breeding of this species has proven harder than most other Victorian species. If you run across a hobbyist who has successfully bred this species, make sure to congratulate them. If you are willing to dedicate a tank and time to them, consider raising a group. Information on Yssichromis piceatus is somewhat limited, but some can be found on the Species Profile along with a couple more pictures.
Below is a short video of Yssichromis piceatus in a species tank.
On September 2013 a group of 32 captive bred Pseudotropheus saulosi were released into their original habitat. The video below shows a second group released this year.
At one time Pseudotropheus saulosi were everywhere in the waters around Taiwanee Reef in Lake Malawi. The population of P. saulosi has decreased dramatically and it can sometimes be difficult to spot them at all. A quick count of P. saulosi was done before both releases. Although there were more specimens this year compared to last year, Ad Konings believes that the increase was due to less demand for wild-caught specimens.
For more information on the release program, visit the Cichlid Press article. If you would like to learn more about Pseudotropheus saulosi, check out the Library Article by Paul Barber.
Male and female Ps. saulosi. Photo by Gerard Delany
The Annual Federation of Texas Aquarium Societies (FOTAS) 2014 convention is only 2 weeks away. This year’s host organization, the Hill Country Cichlid Club, will be holding the FOTAS 2014 convention in Schertz, TX (just north of San Antonio). The three day event will feature a fish show, auction and banquet. Guest speakers will include Pam Chin, Jose M. Gonzales, Kathy England and Steve Edie.
Since FOTAS isn’t a cichlid only association, the event will feature all types of fish. However, the overall feel of the event will be skewed toward cichlids since the host organization is a cichlid club. Best of all, attending the event is free except for the Saturday banquet. That means the fish shows and speaker presentations are free to anyone. The $25 banquet tickets must be purchased by October 22nd. The entire event will be from October 24th and ending after the auction on the 26th. For more information on FOTAS 2014 and to purchase banquet tickets, visit the FOTAS 2014 Convention Page.
The blog about modular LED lighting fixtures reminded my of a DIY LED conversion article that hadn’t been published to our Library yet. For hobbyist who prefer to save some money and don’t mind getting their hands dirty, this DIY article is just for you. With some research and determination, it is possible to convert your existing fluorescent lighting fixtures to more efficient and longer lasting LED lighting. Before you decide your are going to do the DIY LED conversion, read David Fair’s DIY article carefully to make sure your are comfortable with the procedure.
The conversion will not only result in less heat from your fixtures, but you’ll get more light with less electricity.
A video showing a pair of Altolamprologus calvus spawning.
Another great video from PISCES. This one captures a pair of Altolamprologus calvus spawning in a shell. Videos showing Altolamprologus in the act aren’t that common since they tend to be very secretive when it comes to spawning. Most hobbyists that have successfully spawned this species only discover that it has happened after searching for the female that is hidden away protecting the eggs. Females will usually lay their eggs in a small cave or crevice too small for the larger males to enter. Once the eggs are laid, the male will maneuver into position to fertilize the eggs. The video shows how the female has chosen a small shell to lay her eggs, one that is too small for the male to enter. The male can be seen positioning himself to fertilize the eggs.