Gnathochromis permaxillaris. Photo by Dr. Jessica Drake. CC BY-SA 2.5
Gnathochromis permaxillaris is an unusual looking fish from Lake Tanganyika. Its most distinctive feature is the shape of its mouth. Living over the muddy lake bottom, the mouth acts like a vacuum cleaner to carefully lifts detritus and other organisms off the surface. While not very popular in the hobby, its feeding technique is interesting to watch. The video below shows how G. permaxillaris extends its mouth to feed off of the substrate. This species should not be kept with aggressive fish and should be provided a some type of cave for cover. To discuss Gnathochromis permaxillaris, visit the Lake Tanganyika forum. More pictures of G. permaxillaris can be seen on the Species Profile.
Xystichromis phytophagus aka Christmas Fulu. Photo by Dave Hansen Esq.
Happy holidays and a wonderful New Year from the Cichlid-Forum staff
The staff at Cichlid-Forum would like to wish everyone happy holidays. Please keep in mind that moderators and administrators will be busy traveling and spending time with their families, so we may not be able to get to things right away. Pictured abouve is the Xystichromis phytophagus or as they are commonly known, Christmas fulu. If you would like to learn more about this beautiful Victorian cichlid, visit the Species Article. For discussion on this and other Victorian species, make sure to check out the Lake Victoria basin forum.
Not a cichlid, not even a freshwater fish, but noteworthy nonetheless. A previously unknown species of Snailfish was captured on camera at a depth of almost 28,000 feet at the bottom of the Mariana Trench. The camera was part of a study to understand the ecosystems in the deepest parts of the ocean. The video below shows footage of the mysterious fish. Liparidae, commonly known as Snailfish, are composed of hundreds of different species. They all have scaleless, tadpole shaped bodies and not much is known about them. For more information on the discovery, visit NBCNews.com.
Julidochromis marksmithi, formally known as J. regani ‘Kipili’
It looks like the species we’ve known as Julidochromis regani ‘Kipili’ for so many years is getting an official description and a new name. In a recent article published in the Polish cichlid magazine Tanganika Magazyn, the new name for J. regani ‘Kipili’ is now Julidochromis marksmithi. For those who aren’t familiar with the genus Julidochromis, they are a species of rock dwelling cichlids from Lake Tanganyika. Julidochromis are pair-ponding egg-layers that mate for life. The bond between a pair is so strong, that the death of one fish usually results in the death of the other soon after. There is a short write-up on the article on the French Cichlid Association website. Discussions on Julidochromis can be found the the Lake Tanganyika Species forum.
At one time or another we’ve all experienced the frustration of having a sick cichlid. This is especially true for hobbyist who are new to the hobby. Fortunately, Cichlid-Forum has a couple of great resources for those looking to save their fish. The Illness, Health & Nutrition forum is where you can ask specific questions about your fish’s health. The forum’s moderators and members all contribute to help with specific health related questions.
If you are looking for more general information on fish diseases, including a detailed bloat cure procedure, the Health section of the library is the place to go. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure couldn’t be more true when it comes to fish. Although it can happen, cichlids rarely get sick from other cichlids. Most of the time having a sick cichlid is the result of stress. A fish’s ability to fight off diseases is compromised when there is poor water quality, improper diet or a stressful environment. Making sure your fish are eating the proper food, breathing clean water and are comfortable in their surroundings is the best thing you can do for them. When that fails, the resources mentioned above are your best bet for turning things around.
Male Neochromis sp. ‘Entebbe’. Photo by Don Greg Steeves
A new addition to the forum’s library is a short description of the Victorian cichlid Neochromis sp. ‘Entebbe’. Despite the brevity of the article, it is not short on pictures. The pictures include a male in full display and several shots of a pair spawning. Although Neochromis sp. ‘Entebbe’ isn’t exactly rare, it is also not found in many tanks, including fulu fanatics. Like many other Victorian species, N. sp. ‘Entebbe’ appears to be a prolific spawner. What sets this species apart from many other cichlids is the striking red coloration on its fins. For more information on Neochromis sp. ‘Entebbe’ visit the species article in the library. To discuss this species and any other Victorian cichlids, make sure to stop by the Lake Victoria forum.
A special thanks to Don Greg Steeves for allowing us to use his article. You can listen to him on his monthly radio show Let’s Talk About Cichlids.
Another great in the wild video from African Cichlid Hub. This time the footage is from the waters surrounding Masimbwe Island, 30+ minutes of HD goodness.
If you’ve been following the blog, it will come as no surprise that I’m a big fan of in the wild videos. Seeing cichlids in their natural habitat isn’t just enjoyable to watch, but it sheds some light on some of the unusual behavior they exhibit in your tanks. This video showcases the diversity of cichlids living in and around the large rock formations in the lake. Aside from the multitude of mbuna, there are even some open water species hanging around the rocks.
For more information on the many great fish that come from Lake Malawi, visit the Lake Malawi forum. There is always great discussion of everything Lake Malawi related.
Mbuna from Masimbwe Island, Lake Malawi. Screenshot from video
A recent study is indicating that the recent drought in Brazil may be the result of years of unchecked deforestation. It appears that trees in the Amazon jungle do more than remove carbon from the air. Trees also draw water from the ground and add moisture to the air. It is estimated that two-thirds of the rainfall in southeaster Brazil can be attributed to moisture released by trees into the air. Trees pump about 20 billion metric tons of water into the atmosphere every day, about 3 billion tons more than the Amazon river dumps into the ocean. For more information on this study and its impact on the drought in Brazil, check out the article on the ABC News website.
A proposal to allow a uranium mine company to discharge its sludge could threaten Lake Malawi. The discharge, which includes uranium rock, acids and arsenic used in processing the uranium ore, could make its way into rivers just 30 miles upstream from the lake. The company maintains that it will take all precautions to meet World Health Organization guidelines, but local leaders and civil groups are concerned. Lake Malawi isn’t just a lake where so many wonderful cichlids are found, but is also the source of drinking water and food for millions of people. For more information on the uranium mine discharge proposal, visit the Environmental News Service website.
Haplochromis sp. ‘Kenya gold’. Photo by Don Greg Steeves.
One of site’s oldest species profiles is getting a reboot. The original Haplochromis sp. ‘Kenya gold’ article may have even been published when this site was known as VatoElvis.com. The new article, written by Don Greg Steeves, adds some new insight into the species and also includes photos.
The Victoria Basin species Haplochromis sp. ‘Kenya gold’ gets its name from its color. As seen in the picture above, the gold color is unusual for cichlids and adds contrast to any tank setup. H. sp. ‘Kenya gold’ is often sought after in the hobby, especially among Victorian cichlid enthusiasts. Unfortunately it isn’t often found on many stock lists. For more information on this endangered species, read the new Species Profile.