The Xingu river is one of the major tributaries of the Amazon river. It is also a source for many cichlid species. Unfortunately, a dam is being build on the Xingu river that will have a significant impact on the local ecology. Scientists from Brazil, Canada and the U.S. are working together to study and document the natural wildlife before it is forever altered. A journal of the activities called Witness the Xingu Expedition has been created to show what is being done. You can follow their day to day activities, see a short video and lots of pictures on Fluval Aquatics’ Expeditions website.
Chalinochromis cyanophleps at Namansi. Photo from publication.
After being misidentified as Chalinochromis sp. ‘bifrenatus’, then given the provisional name of Chalinochromis sp. ‘patricki’, Chalinochromis cyanophleps has officially been given a proper description. This rock dwelling cichlid makes its home in the rocky waters along the Tanzanian coast of Lake Tanganyika. This is a beautiful fish with bright blue highlights on its fins and yellow around the eyes.
C. cyanophleps is very reclusive and closely follows the contour of rocks, including swimming upside down as it makes its way along rock caves and crevices. Now that the species has been named, hopefully it will make its way into the hobby soon. If you would like to read the full description of Chalinochromis cyanophleps, the article can be found at MapPress.com in PDF format.
Chalinochromis cyanophleps. Photo from publication.
For hobbyist who haven’t heard of Cyclop-eeze, it is a food composed of a selectively bred, biologically engineered microorganism. It can be purchased frozen, as a coarse powder or a wafer. One of its characteristics is that fish go crazy for it. I’ve heard of people soaking pellets or flake foods in a cyclop-eeze soup to entice picky eaters to eat processed foods. Since it is a microorganism, it is a great food for the smallest fry and an excellent replacement for hobbyists who don’t want to raise live brine shrimp. For everyone who loves the product, there have been some unconfirmed rumors that there will be a cyclop-eeze shortage in the future.
There has been no official word from the manufacturer, Argent, of a Cyclop-eeze shortage. However, several reef and marine websites have been posting about upcoming shortages. In the short-term, don’t expect it gone from the shelves but if the rumor continues to circulate or there is an official confirmation, prices may start to creep up.
Freshwater Natural Aquarium Documentary is a detailed video showing the many fishes from Venezuela in their natural habitat.
If you keep New World cichlids, this documentary is for you. The producers of this video not only took the time to capture great footage, but they also include detailed commentary of what is being shown. Little details like flashing the two letter codes (i.e. SR for silty rivers, FA for flooded areas, etc.) let you know what biotype you are seeing and make for an educational presentation. The many species are also seen displaying their natural behaviors, everything from protecting their young to avoiding electric eels. The video is about 45 minutes long, but worth every minute.
Apistogramma guttata protecting its young. Image captured from video.
Freshwater Natural Aquarium Documentary and other great videos from the same person, Ivan Mikolji, can be found on his YouTube channel
Founded in 2004, the CARES Preservation Program seeks to encourage hobbyist to take part in ensuring a positive future for species at risk. Participation in the program was designed to be easy and enjoyable. The CARES program is overseen by Dr. Paul V. Loiselle, esteemed ichthyologist and champion of conservation. By visiting the CARES Program website, www.carespreservation.com, you can find the priority list of endangered species and more information about the program.
I’ve participated in the program through my local fish club. All it really takes is devoting a single tank to a CARES species fish. For those hobbyists who enjoy keeping and breeding rare fish, participation in the program can open doors to meet other hobbyist with similar interests. By exchanging CARES fish with other people, I have found several species that I’d never seen available from any retailers at the time. Now, in part with the efforts of the CARES Preservation Program, hobbyists have been breeding and spreading fish to other hobbyists and retailers. Here are just a couple of them:
Xystichromis phytophagus. Photo by Dave Hansen
Xystichromis sp. “Kyoga flameback”. Photo by Dave Hansen
What started as a Kickstarter project that has already met its goal, Isis Aquarium looks to change the look of aquariums. This new design breaks away from the traditional aquarium and offers something a little more sophisticated. Made entirely of acrylic, the Isis Aquarium will hold 25 gallons and is a little over two and a half feet long.
Personally I like the design. This aquarium is definitely meant to be an interesting highlight in a room without dominating it. Its clean and bright all around viewing will spur much discussion. Unfortunately, I do see a few problems that aren’t completely addressed by the designer. Cleaning will be an issue, especially with the smaller openings on the top. The other problem is what to do with the power cords for the filter and light. On side/end of the aquarium will need to be close to a wall and partially hidden.
If you think that an Isis Aquarium will look good in your home or office, keep an eye on isisaquariums.com for when they become available. You can also read and see more about this product on their Kickstarter Project Page.
The Greater Chicago Cichlid Association is holding their annual GCCA Classic 2014 & Pizza Banquet this Memorial Weekend. Register by tomorrow, May 1st, to take advantage of a discount price. The GCCA’s first meeting was almost 40 years ago and has since grown to be one of the biggest cichlid organizations. This year’s Classic will include the usual events; speakers, auctions, fish show and banquet. Guest speakers include Anton Lamboj, Rusty Wessel, Laif DeMason, Sam Borstein, and Ray “Kingfish” Lucas. For more information on the GCCA Classic 2014, including schedule, location, and registration, visit the Classic Show Overview page. If you live in the Chicago area or plan on being there Memorial Weekend, this is a show you don’t want to miss.
I just happened to stumble onto this video the other day and thought I would share it. I’m a big fan of in the wild videos, and I am especially excited that this could be the first of many videos from African Diving Ltd. Make sure to watch it.
For those of you that don’t know, African Diving Ltd. is a company that catches and exports fish from Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika. Knowing all the great spots to catch fish gives them a unique opportunity to also do some filming. Hopefully many more videos are on the way. The video, aside from providing some background information about Lake Tanganyika, is also advertising a magazine they are publishing. I don’t know how long its been around, but it appears to have many articles and photos. For more information on the video and magazine, make sure to visit the African Diving Ltd. website at africandivingltd.com.
The Labidochromis profiles have received a much needed update. Around 30 different species and variants have been added, including all in the wild photos! Most hobbyists know the popular Labidochromis caeruleus. Its striking yellow body contrasted by the black fins make an excellent addition to most Lake Malawi tanks. Not only does this fish look great, but its less aggressive temperament means that it can fit in with a variety of fish.
Ironically, L. caeruleus is only one of many colorful Labidochromis found in Lake Malawi. Although most of the other species and variants in this genus aren’t as common in the hobby, many can still be found. To see the variety of species available, take a look through the Profiles page. If you spot something you might be interested in keeping, keep an eye out at your local auction or with your favorite retailer.
Petrocephalus boboto. Photo by Lavoué S, Sullivan JP.
Scientist have discovered two electric fish species in the Congo River that have the ability to produce mild currents. These small charges, which are too small to be felt, are believed to help electrolocate in the dark and also serve as a way to communicate with other electric fish. For more information on these two new species, you can read the article on Sci-News.com.
The discovery of two electric fish species helps to highlight the two previous blogs this week. One being the unique species found along the Congo River like Teleogramma brichardi or even the only known blind cichlid, Lamprologus lethops (pictured below). The other blog dealt with the development of fish-friendly dams. As mentioned in the blog, dams can devastate fish populations. In the NBC News article, scientist were working with various countries to develop safer dams. Unfortunately, there was no mention of the Congo River or China. An article in Eurasia Review discusses China’s desire to enter into the dam building business on the Congo River. China’s record on environmental concerns isn’t stellar. Combine that with the unique and yet undiscovered species only found in Congo River and the results can’t be good.
Lamprologus lethops. Only known blind cichlid species.